It has historical and religious importance, which made it a destination for tourists from all countries of the world; Where there is a complex of religions, which includes the most important places of worship for the three monotheistic religions, Islam, Christianity and Judaism, so it has become one of the most important heritage and tourism areas in the world.
The Babylon Fortress is considered the oldest monuments in ancient Egypt, dating back to the Roman era
This fortress is of great importance. Where it is considered one of the most preserved Roman war buildings in its condition, and its walls consist of alternating layers of stone and brick, at the rate of five layers of stone alternating with three layers of bricks, and this fort has five irregular doors supported by many semicircular wall towers, the remainder of this fort now remains remnants Two huge towers, between them lies the gate leading to the Coptic Museum.
The hanging Church:
It is considered one of the most important Coptic churches within the Babylon Fortress, and the hanging church was built after the Virgin Mary and was known as the Muallaqa because it was built on the ruins of the walls of two towers of the ancient towers of the ancient fortress of Babylon , and that is why it is the highest building in the region and dates back to 5 AD, and it was originally a temple Pharaonic then the Roman Emperor “Trajan” established the fortress of Babylon in the year 80 miles on parts of the Pharaonic Temple, and when Christianity spread and the Romans converted to Christianity, the pagan temple turned into the oldest surviving church in Egypt, and in this way it is considered a symbol of Christianity’s victory over the tyranny of the Romans , which is in the Basilica style Like other churches in ancient Egypt
This church is noteworthy and raises attention for several reasons, because it is the oldest churches in ancient Egypt at all, and this church has other advantages, including the shape of its ambonha, i.e. its pulpit, which is beautifully carved on fifteen columns in the Islamic style
Also, one of the most famous churches of the Babylon Fortress is: Church of the Saints Sergius and Ochos (Abi Sarga Church):
It is considered one of the churches that have a special place in the hearts of the Egyptians, especially the Copts, and it is the one that people frequent the most, as it became a very famous place of pilgrimage for its blessing, because it was affected that the Holy Family rested in a cave below it when it came to Egypt , during a journey The Holy Family and its escape from Palestine from the oppression of Herod, the king of the Roman Jews, and its move to Egypt, so that story was one of the essential factors that gave this church a sacred character, which made it a great fame that might surpass the suspended church.
This cave is a small underground church its dimensions are 6 m long, 5 m wide and 2.5 m high, and it has a domed roof, a nave, and two northern and southern wings, and the wings are separated by nine minute columns, and this cave is located under the altar of the church, and the Abi Sarga church celebrates on the 24th of the month of Bashans ( One of the Coptic months) corresponding to the first of June commemorating the coming of the Holy Family to Egypt with the holding of mass in the church of this cave.
Ben Ezra Jewish Temple:
The synagogue of religions is completed by the existence of the Jewish Temple of Ibn Atrah, which is one of the largest and most important Jewish temples, known as Synagogue, which is a term given today to synagogues in Egypt, and in the British Encyclopedia it means prayer in a specific place for the Jews, and this gathering is always to introduce Jewish law, It is customary to build a temple in a place where there are ten Jews, and the word Synagogue means in the Hellenistic language grouping and bonding
The origin of this temple was a Christian church found in the Qasr al-Shama line from ancient Egypt, and it was known as the Church of the Levant and was sold to the Jews during the reign of Ahmed Ibn Tulun. This church was later known as the Temple of Ibn Azra and is located to the east of the Church of Abu Sarjah inside the fortress of Babylon, and this church was demolished and rebuilt at the end The nineteenth century, during the demolition process, was revealed inside a set of funeral papers. This temple has a special importance that it acquired after the discovery of the geniza papers in it, and because its library contains the most precious books and periodicals that chronicle the existence of the Jewish community in Egypt, and the temple was named with that name in relation to “Ezra the writer,” one of the evacuated rabbis.
The temple consists of two floors; The first is used for male worshipers and the second is for ladies’ prayer, and is a basilica-style plan consisting of two rows of marble columns, and is divided into three sections, the largest of which is the middle nave, and in the middle is the preaching platform known as (the bima) and around it are the seats of the worshipers, and the temple is located on the eastern side.