The Jewish temple, located in the area of the Prophet Daniel Street, is one of the most important religious archaeological buildings in Alexandria Governorate. It is called the “Eliyahu Hanabi” temple with a capacity of 700 worshipers. It was established by the Jewish community in Alexandria in the year 1881 AD, and it was registered in the Antiquities volume under No. 16 of 1987. And there are in the temple a number of 63 books from the Jewish books in the temple, meaning 63 old copies of the Torah, and it has great religious and archaeological value.
The Jewish temple is distinguished from the outside by a prominent entrance elevated from the surface of the ground with a few steps of marble stairs, and the rest of the façade is surmounted by two shoulders in the middle of which are two columns bearing the upper section, which consists of a semicircular arch with a decorative arch consisting of two arches in the middle of a jama, and surrounded by a half-circular arch, surmounted by five half-crowns. Circular, the shape of a three-petal rose stands out, and above that the six-pointed star is in the midst of stylized floral motifs, while on the southwestern side there is an entrance leading to the second floor where the women’s chapel is
From the inside, the building takes the shape of a rectangle and consists of two floors and was built in the Italian style with about 28 columns, between which are enclosed seats equipped with a small copper plate inscribed with the names of the attendees from the Jews, while the structure is made of marble and is located in the middle of the eastern side, where it is preceded by the platform for prayer and preaching. On both sides of the two entrances, the first on the southern side leads to a room containing a wooden wheel that contains a number of travels, and the second on the northern side leads to a wooden staircase leading to the women’s chapel on the upper floor
The story of the establishment of the synagogue in Alexandria goes back to the historical period in which Alexandria was the home of the Jewish community, as studies indicate that the number of Jews in Alexandria was estimated at 4 thousand Jews in the nineteenth century, and their number reached 18 thousand in the beginning of the twentieth century and then increased to 40 Alpha in 1948, then the Jews began to leave Egypt to Israel after its establishment, as studies indicate that the Jews of Alexandria were half of them Egyptians and the other half divided into three sections, and they are the Adeno Jews who are residents of the Mediterranean basin who immigrated from Spain, and the others Of the Jews of Italy and Eastern Europe, and the third of the Jews of Morocco and the Middle East who speak Arabic, in addition to the Jews who immigrated from Austria, Hungary and Poland who fled Nazism in Germany